Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri dan Contoh Report Text


Report Text adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu atau benda-benda secara umum, contohnya berbagai benda atau fenomena alam, buatan dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita. Teks report mengupas suatu hasil pengamatan, penelaahan, penelitian, observasi, atau study tentang benda atau binatang, orang atau tempat. 

Report Text hampir sama dengan Descriptive Text yang membedakan adalah objek yang diceritakan berbentuk jamak, sedangkan objek yang diceritakan pada Descriptive Text berbentuk tunggal. 

Generic Structure Report Text adalah :
1. General classification (Klasifikasi umum) : pengantar tentang sesuatu atau fenomena yang akan dibahas.
2. Description (Deskripsi) : menerangkan sesuatu atau fenomena yang dibahas, meliputi bagian-bagian, kualitas dan perilaku.

Ciri-ciri Report Text adalah :
1. Menggunakan pola kalimat Simple Present Tense
2. Menggunakan kata benda umum (general nouns)
3. Menggunakan kata kerja yang saling berhubungan (relating verbs)
4. Terdiri dari sebuah objek ditambah objek tentang alam lainnya.

Contoh Report Text :

ELEPHANT

Elephant is the largest and strongest of all animals. It is a strange looking animal which it has thick legs, huge sides and backs, large hanging ears, a small tail, little eyes, long white tusks and above all, elephant has a long nose, the trunk. An elephant is commonly seen in a zoo, it is hard to find in its natural habitat.

The trunk is the elephant's peculiar feature. This trunk has various usages. The elephant draws up water by its trunk and can squirt the water all over its body like a shower bath. The elephant's trunk also lifts leaves and put them into its mouth. In fact, the trunk serves the elephant as long arm and hand. An elephant looks very clumsy and heavy and yet an elephant can move very quickly.

The elephant is very intelligent animal. Its intelligence combined with its great strength makes an elephant a very useful servant to man. Elephant can be trained to serve in various ways such as carry heavy loads, hunt for tigers and even fight. An elephant is really a smart animal.

Demikian Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri dan Contoh Report Text, semoga bermanfaat.


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