Seperti di dalam bahasa Indonesia, dalam bahasa Inggris juga ada istilah singkatan (contractions). Contractions ini biasa digunakan dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris yang menggunakan tenses. 
Contoh kalimat yang menggunakan contractions dalam tenses Simple Present Tense :
- She doesn't like Orange juice.
  (Dia tidak suka jus jeruk.)
  doesn't = does not

Contoh kalimat yang menggunakan contractions dalam tenses Simple Future Tense :
- They'll go to Jakarta tomorrow.
  (Dia akan pergi ke Jakarta besok.
  They'll = they will

Berikut adalah contoh Contractions lainnya:
1. Positive Contractions (Singkatan Positif)
- I'm = I am
- I've = I have
- I'll = I will
- I'd = I would / I should / I had
- you're = you are
- you've = you have
- you'll = you will
- you'd = you had / you would
- he's = he has / he is
- he'll = he will
- he'd = he had/ he would
- she's = she has/she is
- she'll = she will
- she'd she had/she would
- it's = it has/it is
- it'll = it will
- we're = we are
- we've = we have
- we'll = we will
- we'd = we had/we would
- they're = they are
- they've = they have
- they'll = they will
- they'd = they had/they would

2. Negative Contractions (Singkatan Negatif)
- aren't = are not
- can't = can not
- couldn't = could not
- didn't = did not
- doesn't = does not
- don't = do not
- hasn't = has not
- haven't = have not
- hadn't = had not
- isn't = is not
- mayn't = may not
- mustn't = must not
- needn't = need not
- shan't = shall not
- shouldn't = should not
- wasn't = was not
- weren't = were not
- won't = will not
- wouldn't = would not

3. Other Contractions (Singkatan yang lain)
- There's a book. = There is a book
  (Ada sebuah buku)
- What's is that = What is that?
  (Apa itu?)
- Who's he? = Who is he?
  (Siapakah dia?)
- Who'll be there? = Who will be there?
  (Siapa yang akan berada disana?

4. Informal Constractions (Singkatan Informal)
Adalah singkatan informal yang biasa digunakan dalam situasi informal.Singkatan ini tidak termasuk dalam kelompok slang, tetapi sedikit menyerupai slang.
Contoh :
- gonna = going to
  I'm not gonna tell you.
  (Saya tidak akan menceritakan kepadamu.)
- Lemme = let me
  Lemme go!
  (Biarkan saya pergi!)
- wanna = want to
  I wanna eat meatball.
  Saya ingin makan bakso.
- whatcha = what are you
  Whatcha going to do?
  (Apa yang akan kamu lakukan?)
- gimme = give me
  Can you gimme a magazine?
  (Dapatkah kamu memberi saya majalah?)
- ain't = has not / have not
  He ain't finished yet.
  (Dia belum menyelesaikannya.)
  I ain't sure.
  (Saya tidak yakin.)

Semoga bermanfaat.





7 komentar:

  1. thanks miss Yul for your lesson

    BalasHapus

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