Ada dua cara untuk menyatakan waktu dalam Bahasa Inggris, yaitu dengan menggunakan American System dan British System. Untuk lebih jelas, berikut adalah ketentuan-ketentuannya:

1.     Untuk waktu yang genap (tidak ada lebih dari waktu yang ditentukan), kedua sistem ini menggunakan o’clock.

Contoh :

08 : 00 = It is eight o’clock

09 : 00 = It is nine o’clock

10 : 00 = It is ten o’clock

11 : 00 = It is eleven o’clock

12 : 00 = It is twelve o’clock

 

2.     Untuk waktu pecahan, dalam American System sama seperti dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Yaitu disebut terlebih dahulu waktu dalam jam, kemudian waktu dalam menit, tanpa tambahan kata o’clock ataupun minutes.

Contoh :

08 : 10 = It is seven ten

09 : 15 = It is nine fifteen

10 : 20 = It is ten twenty

11 : 05 = It is eleven five

12 : 25 = It is twelve twenty

 

3.     Dalam British System kebalikannya. Disebut kelebihan waktu dalam menit terlebih dahulu, baru kemudian waktu dalam jam.

Contoh :

08 : 10 = It is ten minutes past eight

              Atau

              It is ten minutes after eight

              (Sepuluh menit lewat pukul delapan)

 

4.      Dalam British System, kelebihan waktu dalam menit merupakan kelipatan bilangan 5 atau dapat habis dibagi 5 maka kata minutes dapat dihilangkan.

Contoh :

08 : 10 = It is ten minutes past seven

            = It is ten past seven

10 : 20 = It is twenty minutes past ten

            = It is twenty past ten

 

5.    Untuk membedakan waktu pagi, siang, sore dan malam, menggunakan :

A.M. = Ante Meridiem (Sebelum jam 12 siang)

P.M. = Post Meridiem (Sesedah jam 12 siang)

Contoh :

-          It is 5 a.m. (Jam 5 pagi)

-          It is 5 p.m. (Jam 5 sore)

-          It is 3 a.m. (Jam 3 pagi)

-          It is 7 p.m. (Jam 7 malam)

-          It is 4 a.m. (Jam 4 pagi)

-          It is 2 p.m. (Jam 2 siang

Mari kita bandingkan penggunaan American System dan British System :

AMERICAN SYSTEM :

09 : 00 = It is nine o’clock

09 : 10 = It is nine ten

09 : 15 = It is nine fifteen

09 : 30 = It is nine thirty

09 : 45 = It is nine forty five

09 : 57 = It is nine fifty seven

BRITISH SYSTEM :

09 : 00 = It is nine o’clock

09 : 10 = It is ten minutes past nine

            = It is ten past nine

09 : 15 = It is fifteen minutes past nine

            = It is fifteen past nine

            = It is aquarter past nine

09 : 30 = It is thirty minutes past nine

            = It is thirty past nine

            = It is a half past nine

09 : 45 = It is forty five minutes past nine

           = It is forty five past nine

           = It is fifteen minutes to ten

           = It is fifteen to ten

           = It is aquarter to ten

09 : 57 = It is fifty seven minutes past nine

            = It is three minutes to ten 

Catatan :

Kata minutes harus tetap ditulis karena 57 dan 3 bukan kelipatan bilangan 5).

 

Contoh kalimat yang biasa digunakan untuk menanyakan waktu :

1.      What time is it now?

(Jam berapa sekarang)

2.      What time do you get up every morning?

(Jam berapa kamu bangun setiap pagi?)

3.      What time does your mother have lunch?

(Jam berapa ibumu makan siang?)

4.      What time do you go to school?

(Jam berapa kamu pergi ke sekolah?)

5.      What time do you usually go to sleep every night?

(Jam berapa kamu biasanya pergi tidur setiap malam?)

6.      What time does the film start?

(Jam berapa film mulai?)

7.      What time were you in airport yesterday?

(Jam berapa kamu di bandara kemarin?

8.      What time does your sister take a bath every afternoon?

(Jam berapa kakak perempuanmu mandi setiap sore?)

9.      What time do you have dinner?

(Jam berapa kamu makan malam?)

10.  Do you know what time your brother plays football every Sunday?

(apakah kamu tahu jam berapa kakak laki-lakimu bermain sepak bola setiap hari Minggu?)

 

Semoga bermanfaat. 

 

 

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