Penjelasan Tentang News Item

Do you like reading magazines? Do you like reading newspapers? If you like doing all those things, it means that you are familiar with news item, but what is news item text? Many students do not know what exactly it is. Although, this text is learned in senior high school, most of them still get difficulties if they are asked to write news item text.

News Items text is a text that tells about the events in their daily lives and the incident may be conveyed to the reader the occurrence of events or important enough to be listened to and is suitable to be made in a top news.
(News Items text adalah teks yang menceritakan tentang kejadian dalam kehidupan sehari hari dan kejadian tersebut disampaikan kepada para pembaca mungkin peristiwa atau kejadian tersebut cukup penting untuk disimak dan sangat cocok untuk di jadikan sebuah berita top.)

The purpose of the news item text itself is to tell an important event that is great to read by the reader.
(Tujuan dari news item text sendiri adalah untuk memberitahukan sebuah kejadian atau peristiwa penting yang sangat bagus untuk di baca oleh para pembaca.)

Generic Structure Of news Items

Newsworthy Event ("Ne Ev")

This is the first part of the text news items linguistic structure is the same as the main event that the core contains significant events and usually a summary or paragraph summary sing cat shaped.
("Ini adalah bagian pertama dari news items text struktur kebahasaan ini sama saja dengan kejadian utama yang berisikan inti kejadian penting dan biasanya berbentuk kesimpulan atau paragraf singkat yang berbentuk ringkasan")

Background Event ("Be Ev")
This paragraph is also called the paragraph containing the elaboration of the background of an event usually contains the question 5W 1H (what, who, where, when, why, and How).
(Paragraf ini disebut juga paragraf elaborasi yang berisikan tentang latar belakang sebuah peristiwa biasanya berisikan Pertanyan 5W 1H ( what, who, where , when, why, and How)

Source ("So")
This part is the last paragraph of the news item that contains the comment, the opinion of some experts, witness the incident or witnesses of events.
(Bagian ini merupakan paragraf terakhir dari news item yang berisikan tentang komentar, pendapat beberapa ahli, saksi kejadian atau saksi peristiwa)

Linguistics Feature of news Item text

Linguistic characteristic of news items is, the text will focus only an incident, using the verb action verb, using material process, and are the core information on the headlines.
(Ciri kebahasaan dari news items yaitu, text tersebut hanya fokus akan sebuah kejadian, menggunakan kata kerja action verb, menggunakan material process, dan terdapat informasi inti pada headline)

We can find news item text in the :
1. Daily newspapers
2. Magazine
3. News on the internet
4. etc

Example :
Town Contaminated
Newsworthy events
Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire town.
Background Events
Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo – 22 near Vladivostock.
The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disasterspread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered  up by officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor-class submarine during a refit had been a ‘thermal’ and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean up operation to remove more than 600 tones of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.
Sumber Informasi Sources
A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.

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